Before a Roofing Estimate in Bloomington, Illinois – Learn Some TermsNov 23, 2020
Learn our Lingo: Terms We Use on Roofing Estimates in Bloomington-Normal
Getting a roofing estimate in Bloomington, Illinois is not rocket science nor brain surgery. The roofing estimate and inspection process can be confusing if you have no experience with roofs. Many customers will never replace an old roof or even install a new roof. Some will only do it once and most will only do it a few times in their life (every 10-20 years). So, our team has put together a guide to help you navigate this daunting new process.
All of the following terms come from the Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association’s Residential Asphalt Roofing Manual. Our preferred roofing manufacturer, CertainTeed, has included additional terms and definitions for your reference. In this glossary, we are sorting each term alphabetically.
A type of roof discoloration caused by algae. Commonly, but inaccurately, called fungus growth. Usually it is dark brown to black in color.
Algae Resistant Shingles
Shingles which are coated with copper granules on the weather side to prevent the formation of algae and the resultant discoloration.
A method of cleaning dis-colored shingles with a bleach mixture to lighten the discoloration caused by algae formation.
American Plywood Association.
Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association. (301)348-2002.
A bituminous waterproofing agent ap-plied to roofing materials during manufacture.
Asphalt Roofing Cement
An asphalt-based cement, containing solvent, used to bond roofing materials. Also known as asphalt plastic cement, flashing cement, muck, bull or mastic.
American Society for Testing and Materials. A voluntary organization concerned with development of consensus standards, testing procedures and product specifications.
Fine mineral matter applied to the back side of shingles, keeping them from sticking together when packaged in the bundles.
The portion of the flashing attached to or resting on the deck to direct the flow of water onto the roof covering.
The lower edge of the shingle tabs
Parallel strips of wood to which roof tiles are fastened.
Raised areas or bubbles that may appear on the surface of asphalt roofing after installation.
A condition in which shingles flutter or flap up and down with the wind, tear, and finally blow off the roof entirely.
The formation of wrinkles or furrows across a shingle or shingles.
A package of shingles. There are typically three or four in a square.
The portion of the flashing attached to a vertical surface to prevent water from migrating behind the base flashing.
To fill a joint with mastic or asphalt roofing cement, or the material used to fill the joint.
Certificate of Compliance
A certificate indicating that shingles meet their appropriate standards.
A line made on the roof by snapping a taut string or cord dusted with chalk. Used for alignment purposes.
The highest fire-resistance rating for roofing as per ASTM E 108. Indicates roofing is able to withstand severe exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand moderate exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building. (Not currently available for any asphalt shingle.)
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand light exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.
A method of valley treatment in which shingles from one side of the valley extend across the valley, while shingles from the other side are trimmed 2″ from the valley centerline. The valley flashing is not exposed.
A layer of asphalt applied to the base reinforcement material into which granules or other surfacing is embedded.
Pre-formed flange placed over a vent pipe to seal the roof around the vent pipe opening. Also called a Vent sleeve.
Color Code Numbers
Number indicating the color are on each bundle of CertainTeed shingles. Color code number must match.
Slight differences in shingle appearance which may be due to variations in normal manufacturing color blends or the mixing of color blends during shingle application.
Composite panels made of wood veneer on the face and back, with an inside core of compressed wood strands.
The change of water from vapor to liquid when warm, moisture-laden air comes in contact with a cold surface.
See Cap flashing.
A horizontal row of shingles or roll roofing running the length of the roof.
A peaked saddle construction at the back of a chimney to prevent accumulation of snow and ice and to deflect water around the chimney.
The open portions of a strip shingle between the tabs
Date of manufacture printed on bundles. CertainTeed has eliminated most date codes because it is able to closely control the color in production runs.
The surface, installed over the supporting framing members, to which the roofing is applied.
Roofing application method in which shingles are applied diagonally up the roof.
A framed window unit projecting through the sloping plane of a roof (Figure Gl-2).
Application of asphalt roofing such that the lapped portion is at least 2″ wider than the exposed portion, resulting in two layers of roofing material over the deck.
A pipe for draining water from roof gutters. Also called a Leader.
A corrosion-resistant, non-staining material used along the eaves and rakes to allow water run-off to drip clear of underlying construction.
The horizontal, lower edge of a sloped roof .
Additional layer of roofing material applied at the eaves to help prevent damage from water back-up.
The portion of the roofing exposed to the weather after installation, usually expressed in inches .
Exposure 1 Grade Plywood
Type of plywood approved by the American Plywood Association for exterior use.
Tapered wood filler strips placed along the butts of old wood shingles to create a level surface when reroofing over existing wood shingle roofs. Also called Horsefeathers.
Organic fiber mat impregnated with asphalt and used as an underlayment. See Underlayment. See Organic felt.
Fiber glass mat
A reinforcing material for asphalt roofing manufactured from glass fibers.
Fiber Glass Shingles
Asphalt shingles made with a fiber glass mat.
See Mineral stabilizers.
Pieces of metal or roll roofing used to prevent seepage of water into a building around any intersection or projection in a roof, such as vent pipes, chimneys, adjoining walls, dormers and valleys.
See Asphalt roofing cement.
Fire Retardant Treated plywood.
See Algae discoloration.
The upper portion of a sidewall that comes to a triangular point at the ridge of a sloping roof.
A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each side of the ridge. Contains a gable at each end.
A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each side of the ridge. The lower plane has a steeper slope than the upper. Contains a gable at each end.
Ceramic-coated, colored crushed rock that is applied to the exposed surface of asphalt roofing products.
The trough that channels water from the eaves to the downspouts.
According to ASTM it is the shortest distance from the butt edge of an overlapping shingle to the upper edge of the shingle two courses below it. It is the “triple coverage” portion of the strip shingle system (designed to be minimum 2″ in length)
NOTE: In CertainTeed jargon, head lap refers to the entire upper portion of a shingle covered by the succeeding course after installation – about 7″ for 12″ x 36″ strip shingles.
Heavyweight Dimensional Shingles
Sometimes called architectural shingles, these shingles combine a rough dimensional look with attractive natural color blends. Typical weight: 265-350 lb./sq.
The inclined external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes. Runs from the ridge to the eaves.
A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each of four sides. Contains no gables .
Shingles used to cover the inclined external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes. Sometimes called “hip and ridge” shingles.
Homasote® Roofing Decking
High density wood fiber board.
See Feathering strips.
HUD Ventilation Standard
Minimum standard requires one square foot of net free ventilation area for every 150 square feet of attic floor space. However if half of the open ventilation area is in the upper portion of the roof and half is in the lower area, the standard changes to one square foot of net free ventilation for every 300 square feet of attic floor space.
Condition formed by the thawing and refreezing of melted snow, especially at the lower roof edge on the roof overhang and in gutters. Can cause water to pond and flow up and under shingles, causing leaks.
Strip shingles containing more than one layer of tabs to create extra thickness. Also called three-dimensional shingles or architectural
To cover the surface of one shingle or roll with another.
LOADMASTER® Nailable Double Board Assembly
Trademarked roof decking composed of a double layer of mineral board placed over a rigid insulation board (optional), and fastened to a steel deck.
Low Budget Shingles
A class of shingles that can cause problems. They might have coloring that does not match from bundle to bundle, shingle lengths out of spec, or weak fiber glass mats. Such defects often lead to roofing difficulties.
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes between 2″ and 4″ per foot.
A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each of four sides. The lower plane has a much steeper pitch than the upper, often approaching vertical. Contains no gables.
See Asphalt roofing cement.
Mid-Weight Dimensional Shingles
Shadow lines and color blends give these shingles a more interesting appearance than common three-tab shingles. Typical weight: 235-265 lbs./sq.
Sometimes called Filler. Finely ground limestone, slate, trap-rock or other inert materials added to asphalt coatings for durability and increased resistance to fire and weathering.
A method of reroofing with new asphalt shingles over old shingles in which the top edge of the new shingle is butted against the bottom edge of the existing shingle tab.
Shingles consisting of a single, solid tab with no cutouts.
Any wood-based panel that does not contain veneered layers, such as oriented strand board (OSB) or wafer-board.
Method of valley construction in which shingles on both sides of the valley are trimmed along a chalk line snapped on each side of the valley. Shingles do not extend across the valley. Valley flashing is exposed.
Non-veneer oriented strand board.
The portion of the roof structure that extends beyond the exterior walls of a building.
A one-piece base shingle to which overlay pads, consisting of an additional layer of asphalt and granules, are applied in random patterns to simulate two-piece laminated shingles.
A diluted water solution of oxalic acid is used to reduce rust stains.
Wooden platforms used for storing and shipping bundles of shingles.
The formation of various geometric designs or patterns on the roof resulting from overlay- or laminated tab-type shingles applied incorrectly or from incorrect color blends.
See Asphalt roofing cement.
Roofing application method in which shingle courses are applied vertically up the roof.
The supporting framing member immediately beneath the deck, sloping from the ridge to the wall plate.
The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall.
A plastic strip that is applied to the back of self-sealing shingles. This strip prevents the shingles from sticking together in the bundles, and normally should not be removed for application.
The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
Shingles used to cover the horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes. Sometimes called “hip and ridge” shingles.
Basic tool for tearing off old shingles. Also called the ripping shovel, it is a long handle connected at a steep angle to a flat blade with a serrated leading edge.
The vertical distance from the eaves line to the ridge.
Asphalt roofing products manufactured in roll form.
The horizontal distance from the eaves to a point directly under the ridge. One-half the span.
An asphalt-impregnated felt used as an underlayment between the deck and the roofing material.
Damage to the shingle surface, usually the granules or top coating layer, caused by foot traffic or by placing objects on newly installed shingles.
Applied to the face or back of shingles to hold them down in severe wind conditions.
Shingles containing factory-applied strips of self-sealing adhesive.
Factory-applied adhesive that bonds shingle courses together when exposed to the heat of the sun after application.
Slight differences in shingle color that may occur as a result of normal manufacturing operations. See Color variation. See Patterning.
Exterior grade boards used as a roof deck material.
A roof containing only one sloping plane. Has no hips, ridges, valleys or gables.
Wrappings for workers shoes that prevent scuffing of shingles.
Cardboard geometrical shape used to determine roof slope from the ground.
Asphalt roofing that provides one layer of roofing material over the deck.
Carpet or foam rubber pieces that roofers kneel or sit on while working to avoid scuffing shingles in hot weather.
The degree of roof incline expressed as the ratio of the rise, in inches, to the run, in inches (or feet). Sometimes expressed as “pitch” in degrees of an angle
The finished underside of eaves.
Vents located under the eaves provide air intake. They should be used together with other higher elevation vents.
A vent pipe that penetrates the roof.
A unit of roof measurement equaling 100 square feet of roof area.
Square tab shingles
Shingles on which tabs are all the same size and exposure.
Stabilized Asphalt Coating
A tough asphalt material used to coat the impregnated felt of the asphalt shingle. Also used as the only waterproofing in a fiberglass shingle.
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes between 4″ and 21″ per foot.
Asphalt roofing applied at the eaves that provides protection by filling in the spaces under the cutouts and joints of the first course of shingles. It also provides for sealing down of tabs of the first course of self-sealing shingles.
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes greater than 21″ per foot.
Base flashing application method used where a vertical surface meets a sloping roof plane. Utilizes multiple pieces of flashing material
The process of inserting spacers between deck panels before installation in order to allow them to reach a more natural moisture content and dimension.
Asphalt shingles that are approximately three times as long as they are wide
A top-of-the-line asphalt roofing shingle product exclusive to CertainTeed which is constructed of two full-size base shingles, and may also have a massive weather tab.
A unique, top-of-the-line asphalt shingle product which is constructed using a patented Tri-Laminate™ design process.
The exposed portion of strip shingles defined by cutouts.
An asphalt-based cement used to adhere tabs of strip shingles to the course below. A type of asphalt roofing cement often supplied in tubes.
The industry-accepted method for comparing shingle toughness is the ASTM D3462 performance standard for fiber glass shingles. All of CertainTeed’s shingles meet the tear resistance requirements of ASTM D3462.
A shingle distortion that may arise when a new roof is applied over an uneven surface.
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
Label displayed on packaging to indicate the level of fire and/or wind resistance of asphalt roofing, and whether shingles meet certain ASTM standards.
Asphalt-impregnated felt used beneath roofing to provide additional protection for the deck.
The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes .
Any material used to prevent the passage of water vapor.
1) Any outlet for air that protrudes through the roof deck, such as a pipe or stack. 2) Any device installed on the roof, gable or soffit for the purpose of ventilating the underside of the roof deck.
This is a nail base roof insulation with 3⁄16″ venting air space and an APA-rated 7⁄16″ OSB sheathing layer above.
Waterproofing shingle underlayment
A special self-adhering waterproofing shingle underlayment designed to protect against water infiltration due to ice dams or wind-driven rain.
Method of valley construction in which shingles from both sides of the valley extend across the valley and are woven together by overlapping alternate courses as they are applied. The valley flashing is not exposed.